Resistance to the Criminal Law
In America at the time of the prohibition laws, well over a decade ago, "a half of the American people were accomplice in crime", According to the observation of Alfa and Gunnar Myrdal in Contact with America. The result of this may be seen even to-day in the almost official connection of crime with politics, industry and finance, especeally since the repeal of the prohibition Laws, WHEN illegal gambling became the breeding ground of crime.
There is, however, a much be larger proportion of people who in most civilised countries break one important law: the law againts abortion. Statistics of course do not exist. But the continual decrease in the number of births is clear. How could this be unless there were a large number of births is clear. How could this be unless there were a large number of breaches of the law, having regard to the force of the sexual urge and the uncertainty of contra ceptive methods (which are much too expensive for the poorer slasses).
But these are only two particularly striking examples of a revolt of the masses againts the criminal law. The catastrophe of the Second World and the misery following upon it have so strengthened the asocial groups that reference must be made to the times of the Thirty Yeras War to find sometihing comparable.
Most of the people in Central and Western Europe deal on the Black Market. The merchants of the Black Market and their accomplice, like the boot-leggers nin the U.S.A., form a privot to which all possible asocial elements gravitate. Even England and North America have not been spared this crime wave. Instead for the expected epidemic after the war, which fortunately did not take place, a state of affairs has resulted from the many years of violence, law lessness and self-help which, in conjunction with appaling misery, has entirely obliterated the border-line between social and asocial.
It is essential that the basic necessities of life are maintained. Here we are dealing with people who starve and freeze without hope for the future, with men whose social ties, whether they be the family, the party, the Church or state have been weakened or entirely destroyed. These must be restored and, at the same time, a new moral order must be founded. But such a colossal task in conditional upon the investigation and redefinition of the relation between the social and asocial person.
Before the war traces in various countries of attempts to deal with the asocial person by treatmen and not by punishment. Remarkably convincing successes were achived. Were these new seeds trampled underfoot by the mass settlement of masss problems? There is a great danger thet attention will be concentered upon the most essential aspects, that is, the worts features in dealing with wayward youth and adults who have taken the wrong turn. It is much to be feared, having regard to the failing strenght of this movemen, that resort will be made to the 'old well-tried methods', that is, force and dicipline withouth understanding and insight. Yet it is necessary for the solution of such an important problem that action should not be dictated entirely by necessity. Despite the revolution and the invasion of her territory, which has reduced Russia to a condition problems, she has found the time to create the Labour Colony of Bolschewo youth, the Besprionje. The problem was handled as found under the spur of necessity. For this reason it seemms to us, at the present moment, of the utmost importance to clarify the reationship of the social person.
Book of Criminal Law that use in this reference :
- Paul Reiwald, SOCIETY and its CRIMINALS. Internasional Universities: Amerika.
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Labels: Civil Law