The law administered in the Roman Empire was based upon statues or codes the form of law that is statutory and created by legislative bodies is called the civil law system of juriprudence as distinguished from the common law system of jurisprudence.
The early records of civil law, which is the from of juriprudence in continental Europe and not in England, trace back to the Justinian Codes of 529 A.D.The codes of the Roman Emperor supplied much of the foundation for code law or statutory law that characterizes the civil law system. The French civil law system reflected the Roman influence in the Napoleonic Code, and the French system became the pattern for most of Continental Europe and the Latin American countries.
Civil law system does not recognize precedent. The chief characteristic of the civil law in present-day jurisprudence is the formal code, which countains the statues enacted by the legislature.
Book of Civil law that use in this reference :
- R. Brycwe Young. Criminal Law : Codes and Cases. McGraw-Hill: America
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Labels: Civil Law